What Is Summary Writing?
Writing a summary involves condensing a text to its main points. It involves identifying the crucial points in a piece of writing and restating them in your own words without losing the original meaning. It can also be referred to as a synopsis. Many students tend to confuse summary with analysis. An analysis involves a discussion of ideas, techniques, and/or meaning in a text. A summary, on the other hand, does not require you to criticize or insert your personal opinions, interpretations, deductions or comments. When analyzing a piece of writing, you provide a brief overview of the contents that your essay will analyze but a summary is not a substitute for the analysis itself.
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For your summary to be clear, you should present the author’s main points in a straightforward and logical structure. An excellent summary involves identifying and selecting the major points from different parts in the text in order to summarize the text in an organized and meaningful way.
In short, summarization requires you to read, digested, and reconstruct the text in a shorter, more concise form. Writing an effective summary can be quite a challenging task for some students but no need to worry since assignmentstask.com offer trustworthy and reliable writing services for those who need professional help.
Qualities of An excellent summary
An excellent synopsis should have the following essential qualities: it should be be comprehensive, concise, coherent, and independent. These qualities are explained below:
- It must be comprehensive:You should identify all the key points in the original passage and note them down. Review all the ideas you have noted down and select the ones that are most relevant and the once that greatly enhance the development of the authors thesis or main idea.
- It must be concise:when writing a summary, avoid words that are redundant even if the author restates the same points. Your summary should not be too long since you are providing a brief overview of the main points. You should aim at using as few words as possible while still restating the most crucial points.
- It must be coherent: for a summary to be effective, it should be structured in a logical manner. The choice of words should make sense to the reader to avoid sounding like a disjointed collection of points.
- It must be independent:when writing a summary, avoid using the exact words used by the author of the text you are writing about. On the contrary you are required to summarize a piece of writing while maintaining your voice or using different words. However, it’s crucial to maintain the original meaning or theme of the text you are summarizing. It’s also important to avoid misinterpretation of the authors words or distortion by introducing comments or judgements of your own.
How to Write a Summary
To come up with a perfect summary, you need cover the key points as well as supporting evidence. For the summary to be effective, the points need to be presented in a logical and free flowing structure. The following guidelines will help you in coming up with a compelling summary:
- Read the original piece thoroughly
The first and most crucial step to a well-crafted and meaningful summary is to thoroughly read the original text. Read the text a couple of time. Avoid taking notes at this point. The main focus at this stage is to acquaint yourself with the text and understand the authors tone and writing style. Reading the text before the noting anything down will help you to identify and understand the main concept of the text without going into specific details.
- Understand the main idea of the text
Once you are through reading the original text, your next goal should be to try and understand what you have read. Identify and understand the key points of the text and the sequence of events as written by the author.
- Re-read and take notes
This stage involves reading the text once again and note down the key points to include in your summary. Highlight the topic sentences, plot points, important quotes, and major events.
- Organize your points
After reading and taking notes, it is time to organize them. Organize your points in a clear, concise, and logical manner. Your points should be presented in a manner that is free flowing and easy to understand.
- Craft a Thesis Statement
The important factor to a great summary is to develop a compelling thesis statement. A thesis statement appears at the end of the first paragraph and identifies the topic under discussion. It informs the reader of the direction and significance of your essay. A thesis statement should capture the position of the principal or central ideas. It usually focuses on your ideas in one or two sentences.
An excellent thesis statement controls the subject matter of the essay and states useful and relevant content to the reader. An effective thesis statement should be clear, debatable, specific, and include evidence to back your point of view. A weak thesis statement is often not clear and is too broad, making it difficult for the reader to understand the direction and your position in the essay
- Write A Short Paragraph Summary
After developing a compelling thesis statement, it can now be used as the first sentence of your summary while the supporting points fall into the body paragraphs. For the ideas in your summary to flow smoothly, it’s crucial to include some transition words. Transition words also help in showing the connection between main ideas and supporting ideas.
- Revise Your Summary
After writing your summary it’s important to ensure you have done proper editing and proofreading to eliminate errors. Editing is an essential part of writing as it ensures high quality and optimum readability of a document or article. Editing requires readers to re-read their texts to check and ensure the organization and structure of the report is correct. Despite being tiresome, editing helps in eliminating mistakes, identifying and removing inconsistencies, and adjusting the content to remain relevant to the target audience.
Proof-reading on the other hand is essential in checking all spelling, grammatical, and punctuation errors. Proof-reading is also used in correcting inconsistent terminology, formatting, and referencing in an article or essay. Proof-reading does not involve in-depth changes but deals with minor changes that do not include fact-checking. It’s crucial to take proof-reading as the last step to revise a document or manuscript to ensure the formatting, page numbers, headers, fonts, etc. before handing out the final report.
Summary Writing Tips
The following expert tips will help you in coming up with an excellent and effective summary.
- Use the present tense when summarizing the main points or arguments of the author..
- Avoid adding any new information that is not in the original text. Also avoid including your own opinion or ideas.
- If you are using the exact words used by the author, don’t forget to use quotation marks to show that the quoted information does not belong to you. This will help you avoid plagiarism.
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